Year: 2020 | Month: December | Volume 10 | Issue 2
Fruit and Vegetable Processing Waste Management – An Overview
India is a country with a population of 136 crores and produces an estimated 150 million tons of fruits and vegetables, according to the Indian Agricultural Research Data Book (2004). India being an agro-economy-based country, the production is high. However, the assimilation of waste products is equally high, amounting to nearly 50 million tons. It is seen that the waste by-products, in the form of solid and liquid waste, are formed from the processing industries. This waste is not just a by-product of the remains of fruits and vegetables but is also a bioproduct, rich in nutrients like carbohydrates, protein, fat, minerals, and others. Often remains unused and underutilized, this waste also can add to the increasing pollution in the environment if not disposed of properly. In India, the food processing industry, including fruit and vegetable processing, is the second-largest generator of wastes in the environment after household sewage. This paper thus reviews how food processing industries can look into the components of utilizing the waste by-products of fruits and vegetables, opting for a stabilized and economical procedure and help in the recovery of valuable compounds, which otherwise are getting lost in vain.
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